cosmetic surgery

cosmetic surgery
In 1943, during the Anti-Japanese War, a medical school student was sent to the University of Pennsylvania to study plastic and reconstructive surgery so that he could bring back advanced treatments for wounded soldiers. His name was Song Ruyao, and he became the founder of plastic surgery in China and its offshoot, cosmetic surgery.
Only a few cosmetic surgery operations were performed before Liberation. It was denounced during the Cultural Revolution for its ‘bourgeois’ attention to form over function. When the ‘pursuit of beauty’ became acceptable in the 1980s, cosmetic surgery grew rapidly in popularity, reflecting changing beauty ideals.
Due to a long-standing ideal of smooth white skin, techniques for whitening skin and removing moles and freckles were by far the most popular. Perhaps reflecting the influence of Western ideals, next popular was the ‘double eyelid’ operation to add a crease above the eye opening, which was considered naturally characteristic of European eyes as well as of a minority of Chinese eyes. This was followed by nose implants to increase the height of the nose bridge. Breast augmentation was not nearly as popular as in the USA, and the average size of the implants was smaller; but it became more popular over time, perhaps due to the influence of Hollywood ideals.
Song, R. (1987). ‘Woguo zhengxing waike fazhande lishi huigu’ [A Look Back at the History of the Development of Our Nation’s Plastic Surgery]. Zhonghua zhengxing shaoshang waike zazhi [Chinese Journal of Plastic and Burn Surgery] 3.4 (December).

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cosmetic surgery — noun plastic surgery to remove wrinkles and other signs of aging from your face; an incision is made near the hair line and skin is pulled back and excess tissue is excised some actresses have more than one face lift • Syn: ↑face lift, ↑facelift …   Useful english dictionary

  • cosmetic surgery — elective surgery e*lect ive sur ger*y, n. surgery that is not essential, especially surgery to correct a condition that is not life threatening; surgery that is not required for survival. See also {cosmetic surgery}. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cosmetic surgery — noun Surgery (and related medical treatment) undergone to improve appearance rather than for health reasons. The face lift is a classic example of cosmetic surgery …   Wiktionary

  • cosmetic surgery — N UNCOUNT Cosmetic surgery is surgery done to make a person look more attractive …   English dictionary

  • Cosmetic Surgery Live — Also known as All New Cosmetic Surgery Live Genre Reality television Directed by Elliot Kew Ralph Spark Presented by Jan Adams Vanessa Feltz …   Wikipedia

  • cosmetic surgery — plastic surgery, surgery dealing with the repair of deformed or destroyed parts of the body or the refinement of existing body features (i.e. face lift) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • cosmetic surgery — plastic surgery for improving a person s appearance by restoration of damaged areas of skin, removal of wrinkles or blemishes, etc. [1925 30] * * * …   Universalium

  • cosmetic surgery — the branch of plastic surgery which deals with procedures designed to improve the patient s appearance by plastic restoration, correction, removal of blemishes, etc. Called also aesthetic s …   Medical dictionary

  • cosmetic surgery — cos.metic surgery n [U] medical operations that improve your appearance after you have been injured, or because you want to look more attractive …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • cosmetic surgery — cos,metic surgery noun uncount medical operations that improve someone s appearance …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”